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A Lubrication Guide for IBM High Speed Card Punches

IBM 513 Maintenance

A step-by-step procedure for doing regular maintenance on an IBM 513 Reproducing Punch,
by Bob Erickson and Judith Haemmerle. Still in progress - captions not complete.

Some ideas may be applicable to the IBM 1402, one generation later.

	Album description
	A step-by-step procedure for doing regular maintenance on an IBM 513 Reproducing Punch,
	by Bob Erickson and Judith Haemmerle. Still in progress - captions not complete.
	Maintenance Schedule:
	Clean punch feed every 3 months or 1000 hours.
	Every three months, drop the read and check brushes, remove the rollers and oil through
	holes in the frame as in 14a on.
	Clean read unit every 6 months or 3000 hours.
	Oil gear train with every cleaning.
	Use IBM 10 or equivalent for all lubrication unless otherwise specified.
	Once a year, put oil in the motor cups and alemite (?) in the motor-generator.
	After maintenance, start up the 513 and check hole registration. It may be necessary
	to adjust the magnet unit placement.

1. Remove chip box and empty it.

2. Die and Stripper, seen from below (where the chip box sits).

3. Die handles - Looking into the machine, where the chip tray was, you will see the handles to the die. Pull the handles together towards the center to release the die.

4. Die out - Remove the die. Note the "lever" hanging down at an angle.

5. Replacing the die - When you have to replace the die, push the lever up so that it is parallel with the bar. You won't be able to replace the die if it is hanging down.

6. The die from above - Remove die (also called die and stripper). Here it is from above.

7. Pins on die - The pins on either side (the round protrusions) force the die out when you squeeze the handles together, provided that the lever is hanging on an angle.

8. Pins on die retracted - When the lever is up and the handle is squeezed, the pins are retracted to slightly below the surface of the die. This enables you to put the die back in place.

9. Punch brushes out - Remove punch brushes.

10. Punch brush removal - To remove the punch brushes, pull the knobs on each end towards the center of the machine. This releases the brush assembly.

11. Punch brush assembly out - This is the punch brush assembly, removed.

12. Brush assembly adjustment - This is the adjustment for the clearance for the brush assembly to the contact roll. Along the card line, the brush assembly should be 12 to 18 thousandths below the contact roll.
To adjust, move this screw up and down; this changes the vertical position of the brush assembly when the holding pins are engaged.

13. The contacts - When the die is locked in place, this contact will be closed.

14. Eccentric shaft and parts - This shows the eccentric shaft, the punch bail (below) and the punch bail connecting links. You will be disconnecting the connecting links.

15. Broken clips - The retaining clips are fragile, use caution and care when removing.

16. Retaining clip - This shows the retaining clip on the end of the bail pin. Remove from both pins with the clip puller, if available, or screwdriver.

17. Remove retaining clips and lift - Lift the links out of the way.

18. Remove screw front - Remove the 2 screws from each side of the front of the magnet unit.

19. Remove screws rear - Remove the 2 screws from each side of the rear of the magnet unit.

20. Remove magnet unit - Lift magnet unit from the rear

21. Be careful - Be careful of the wires and cables; they may be tie-wrapped, and the tie-wrap may need to be cut.

22. Cutting the tie-wrap - Cut the tie wrap.

23. Remove the magnet unit - Remove the magnet unit by lifting up gently in the rear and pulling it back and out of the 513. It's good to have 2 people; the unit is very heavy.

24. Magnet unit - Stand the magnet unit on the end of the 513; leave it there while you finish the maintenance procedures. Be careful not to knock it off!

25. Parts - Starting at the bottom of the picture, lower left corner: Shows stacker roll, upper feed roll (silver one), contact roll.(bronze one).
Check stacker roll pads for wear: these can't be replaced.

26. Remove bottom screw - Remove the bottom screw of the retaining plate over the punch brush contact roll.

27. Punch brush contact roller out - After removing bottom screw, remove the punch brush contact roll.

28. Punch brush roll out. - How it looks after removing the punch brush roll.

29. Brush off surfaces - Brush off all surfaces with a clean, soft brush

30. Remove the felt plugs - Remove the felt plugs from frame of machine to expose the oil tubes: put oil in each tube. There are plugs at each end of the machine. These are the long ones.

31. Oiling under felt plugs - This shows the plug removed.

32. Short felt plugs - Remove felt plugs from frame of machine and put oil in the tubes underneath the plugs. These are the short ones.

33. Oil can - Insert oil can through hole in frame

34. Oiling - Hold up the cap on the filler tube and oil until oil runs out of opposite side.

35. Hold up cap - Close-up of holding up the cap on the filler tube.

36. Filler tube cap - This is the filler cap from another angle.

37. Oil hole - third feed roll. - Another hole in the frame at the third feed roll; insert oil can, lift lid on oil tube, and oil until the oil runs out the other side.

38. Oil bearings - Oil the bearings for the feed roll opening device; lift the cap and oil, front and back.

39. Second oiling hole close up - Close-up of first feed roll oiling hole. (Bob oils this one second).

40. Opening oil cup - This shows opening the oil cup for the first feed roll opening device.

41. Oiling the feed roll device - Oiling the feed roll opening device.

42. Contact roller - If a lot of dirt has collected on the spots that put pressure on the lower feed roll, clean and oil the individual bearings.

43. Pressure bearings - This picture shows the four pressure bearings on the first lower feed roll, which should be cleaned and oiled.

44. Oil back bearings - This shows the oil can on the extreme left of the photo, just above the red spot, in the filler tube for the oiling the back bearings on the feed roll opening device.
**this really needs an arrow.

45. Oil all bushings - Oil all other bushings and wear points.

46. Oil porous bronze - Cover the porous bronze bearings for the feed knives with oil: let stand until most of the oil is absorbed, then wipe dry.

47. Bronze absorbing oil - The porous bronze absorbing oil.

48. Dip stick - Check the oil level in the gear case with the dipstick.

49. Dipstick fill line - Make sure the oil level comes up to the fill line on the dipstick. If necessary, top up with IBM 10.

50. Needle bearing - Oil the needle bearing.

51. Gear train - Put a few drops of oil on the gear train and on the bearings behind the gears.

52. Oil the upper gear - Oil the upper gear.

53. Oil the lower gear - And oil the lower gear.

54. Magnet unit felt - Saturate the felt in the magnet unit. Don't pull out the felt!

55. Saturate the magnet unit felt - Really saturate all of it!

56.Saturated felt on magnet unit - The felt is well soaked and oil is being absorbed. Then replace the magnet unit and mop up the excess oil.

57. Time summary punch emitter - If using the summary punch, time the summary punch emitter. (See manual.)

58. Motor generator - Alemite goes in this fitting. But alemite may not be available, so automobile wheel bearing grease would be an OK substitute.

59. Motor cups - Once a year, put oil in the oil cups on the motor.
Working backwards, reassemble everything you took apart, and you're finished!